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Psoriasis skin disorder, its types and psychological affects
Psoriasis is a chronic disorder as has been mentioned earlier which totally ruins the skin by causing eruptions and flaky skin. Psoriasis is an unremitting skin syndrome that is affecting people day by day.

The major characteristics of psoriasis include red, dry, scaly patches of skin and soreness. Psoriasis is not infectious and has been identified as inherited. There are many types of Psoriasis that have been identified by the researchers and expert dermatologists.

Listed below are various types of psoriasis that you should be well aware of.
Plaque psoriasis
Guttate psoriasis
Psoriasis of special skin sites
Erythrodermic psoriasis
Pustular psoriasis
Flexural psoriasis
Psoriatic Athritis

Let us briefly introduce you to each type of Psoriasis.

 
    Plaque psoriasis
 
Amongst all the Psoriasis types the most common one is Plaque Psoriasis. It usually appears as thick, scaly patches of skin on one or many parts of the body. At times more often then not the patches of skin that is affected are large, expanding over the entire body. The scraps, known as plaques or abrasions, can be removed but are chronic.

Plaque psoriasis can happen to take place anywhere on your body. It can develop on any part of your body. The areas that are commonly affected by this ailment are the elbows, knees, knuckles, scalp, trunk, arms and legs, and external sex organs. The plaques do not always itch, but when you scratch them they can get inflamed and cause abrasions.
 
    Guttate psoriasis
 
This type of psoriasis usually affects children and young adults. It appears as small, red bumps the size of drops of water on the skin. It usually appears suddenly, often several weeks after an infection such as strep throat. Antibiotics may be used to treat guttate psoriasis that is generated by an infection.

Guttate psoriasis usually responds to care and may gradually go away on its own. Many people who have an episode of guttate psoriasis may not have another one for many years. In adults who have plaque psoriasis, the appearance of the small drop like bumps of guttate psoriasis can be a sign that the disease is flaring up.
 
    Psoriasis of special skin sites
 
Psoriasis that affects the scalp is called seborrhea psoriasis. The scalp may be the first site to be affected by psoriasis. The condition may resemble severe dandruff. Patches of thick, flaky skin may extend to the forehead below the hairline. Scales may build up in the outer ear. Other than the forehead and the ears, the face is usually spared. However, some people may have patches of inflamed skin that resemble seborrheic dermatitis, a type of dandruff eczema that affects the scalp and face.

Psoriasis can affect the connective tissue that forms the nails. Pitting of the nails may be an early sign of nail psoriasis, although pitting can also occur in other diseases. Other signs of nail psoriasis include the appearance of dark spots resembling oil droplets on the nails, the build-up of flaky skin cells under the nails, and separation or loosening of the nails from their beds (onycholysis). One or more nails may be affected.

Psoriasis that affects the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet is called palmoplantar psoriasis. It may appear as chronic flaky patches that crack and bleed. The nails may be affected as well. In severe cases the condition can be disabling.The palms and soles can also be affected by pustular psoriasis. In this condition small, deep, pus-filled blisters appear on the palms and soles. They may have a copper-colored hue on a background of red, flaky skin. This condition may also be called palmoplantar pustulosis or acropustulosis.
 
    Erythrodermic psoriasis
 
Red, flaking, thickened skin that covers most of body is called erythroderma. When this happens in a person who has a history of plaque psoriasis, it is called erythrodermic psoriasis. Other causes of erythroderma include widespread eczema (an inflammatory condtion of the skin characterized by redness, itching and oozing lesions), skin reactions to drugs, and a type of skin cancer called cutaneous lymphoma. People with erythroderma may have fever and chills, and may need to be treated in the hospital.
 
    Pustular psoriasis
 
A rare and severe form of psoriasis in which small, pus-filled blisters appear on the skin is called pustular psoriasis. People with this condition may need to be treated in the hospital. They are usually ill with fever and chills.

They need special therapies because standard cares for psoriasis easily irritate their skin. Pustular psoriasis can be disabling when it affects the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
 
    Flexural psoriasis
 

Psoriasis that affects areas of the body where the skin folds, such as the armpits, groin, and webs of the toes, is called inverse psoriasis or flexural psoriasis. This type of psoriasis is often white in color, appears softened as if soaked by water, and may resemble a fungal infection.
 
    Psoriatic Athritis
 
Psoriatic arthritis is a specific condition in which a person has both psoriasis and arthritis. Psoriasis is a common condition. A person with psoriasis generally has patches of raised red skin with scales or plaque. Arthritis is joint inflammation. Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease, meaning that your cells and antibodies (part of your immune system) fight your own tissues. Rarely, a person can have psoriatic arthritis without having skin psoriasis. Usually, the more severe the skin symptoms are, the greater the likelihood a person will have psoriatic arthritis.
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